Hwang Kee (Hangul: 황기; Hwang Gi; November 9, 1914 – July 14, 2002) was one of the most important figures in the Korean martial art of Dangsudo. He was the founder of the school of Dangsudo Moodukwan.
Hwang Kee was born on November 9, 1914 in Jang Dan, Kyong Ki province of Korea, while it was under Japanese occupation. His father was a scholar and teacher, thus Kee was one of the few young men in the province to complete high school in 1935. Following graduation, he went to work for the Manchurian Railroad, where he claimed to have learned the martial art of Tantui and Taijiquan in China with a Yang Kuk Jin. Hwang returned to Korea from China in 1937. Throughout the 1930s and 1940s, while working for the Cho Sun Rail Way Bureau, he began to study Okinawan Karate by reading books available at the local library.
In 1945, Hwang Kee formed his first school. Initially he named his first Dangsudo school Ministry of Transportation Hwasudo Dojang (Dangsu). Hwasudo means "Flowering Hand Way" and was a reference to the Hwarang. In the early 1950s, he dropped the Hwasu and changed the name of his school to Dangsudo Moodukkwan because Dangsu (a direct Korean translation of Chinese and Okinawan/Japanese "Tote/Karate") was more familiar to Koreans from their exposure to Japanese martial arts. Much of the philosophy and many of the original forms (hyung) and techniques were his versions of the Okinawan Tote and Japanese Karate mixed with his Tantui and Taijiquan.
Hwang Kee's version of Karate is still a prominent influence on Korean martial artists around the world.